What is è½¬è½®åœ£çŽ‹? I've heard of this in the sutras but I do not know exactly who or what it is?
(transferring this question which was posed on another thread.)
Chakravartin (à¤šà¤•à¥�à¤°à¤µà¤°à¥�à¤¤à¤¿à¤¨à¥� cakravartin, Pali Cakkavatti), is a term used in Indian religions for an ideal universal ruler, who rules ethically and benevolently over the entire world. Such a ruler's reign is called sarvabhauma. It is a bahuvrÄ«hi, literally meaning "whose wheels are moving", in the sense of "whose chariot is rolling everywhere without obstruction". It can also be analyzed as an 'instrumental bahuvrÄ«hi: "through whom the wheel is moving" in the meaning of "through whom the Dharmacakra ("Wheel of the Dharma) is turning" (most commonly used in Buddhism and Hinduism).
è¼ªçŽ‹ A cakravartin, 'a ruler the wheels of whose chariot roll everywhere without obstruction; an emperor, a sovereign of the world, a supreme ruler.' M.W. A Buddha, whose truth and realm are universal. There are four kinds of cakravartin, symbolized by wheels of gold, silver, copper, and iron; each possesses the seven precious things, ä¸ƒå¯¶ q.v.
ä¸ƒå¯¶ sapta ratna è–©ä¸�è�…ç¾…çš„æ�º The seven treasures, or precious things, of which there are varying descriptions, e.g. é‡‘ suvarna, gold; éŠ€rÅ«pya, silver; é�‚ç’ƒ vaiá¸�Å«rya, lapis lazuli; çŽ»ç“ˆsphaá¹ika, crystal; ç¡¨ç£² musÄ�ragalva, agate; èµ¤ç� rohita-mukta, rubies or red pearls; ç‘ªç‘™ aÅ›magarbha, cornelian. Also the seven royal (cakravartin) treasuresâ€•the golden wheel; elephants; dark swift horses; the divine pearl, or beautiful pearls; able ministers of the Treasury; jewels of women; and loyal generals.
å››è¼ª The four wheels or circles: (1) å¤§åœ°å››è¼ª the four on which the earth rests, wind (or air), water, metal, and space. (2) Four images with wheels, yellow associated with metal or gold, white with water, red with fire, and black with wind. (3) The four dhyÄ�ni-buddhas, é‡‘å‰›è¼ª Aká¹£obhya; å¯³è¼ª Ratnasaá¹ƒbhava; æ³•è¼ª AmitÄ�bha; ç¾¯ç£¨è¼ª Amoghasiddhi. (4) Also the four metals, gold, silver, copper, iron, of the cakravartin kings.
å››è¼ªçŽ‹ The four kinds of cakravartin kings.
cakravartin wheel turning
ä»Šå¤©åœ¨æˆ‘å€‘åœ°ç�ƒä¸Šï¼Œé‚„æ²’æœ‰å‡ºç�¾é�Žè¼ªçŽ‹ï¼Œå±•é–‹æ·å�²ï¼Œè‡ªå�¤è‡³ä»Šæ²’æœ‰ä¸€å€‹å¸�çŽ‹æ›¾ç¶“çµ±æ²»é�Žå…¨ä¸–ç•Œã€‚æˆ‘å€‘å�ªæœ‰åœ¨ä½›ç¶“ä¸è¦‹é�Žï¼Œäº‹å¯¦ä¸Šï¼Œåœ¨æˆ‘å€‘ä¸–é–“æ·å�²ä¸Šï¼Œå¾žä¾†æ²’æœ‰å‡ºç�¾é�Žã€‚é€™å°±èªªæ˜Žåœ°ç�ƒä¸Šçš„çœ¾ç”Ÿä¿®çš„ç¦�å ±é‚„ä¸�å¤ ã€‚
Gold = conquer 4 continents
bronze = conquer 2 continents
silver - conquer 3 continents
Iron = conquer one continent
æ¤çŽ‹æœ‰å››ç¨®:å�³é‡‘ã€�éŠ€ã€�éŠ…·é�µå››è¼ªçŽ‹;é�µè¼ªçŽ‹å…¶å¨�å¾·ç¦�åŠ›å�ªèƒ½çŽ‹ä¸€å¤©ä¸‹(1 continent),éŠ…è¼ªçŽ‹çŽ‹å…©å¤©ä¸‹,éŠ€è¼ªçŽ‹çŽ‹ä¸‰å¤©ä¸‹,é‡‘è¼ªçŽ‹å…¶å¨�å¾·ç¦�åŠ›æœ€ç‚ºæ®Šå‹�,æ•…çŽ‹å››å¤©ä¸‹ä¹Ÿ(4 continents)ã€‚
we still yet to see an iron cakravartin, i.e. ruler of the whole earth.
I see. Thanks guys for replying and thanks 'realization' for posting the question here.
yah... i think when buddha was born, a soothsayer said either he will be a fully enlightened being or è½¬è½®åœ£çŽ‹ - great ruler